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How to choose an eco-friendly Christmas tree

27 November 2020 | Stephen Marcus

choose an eco friendly christmas tree

It’s easy to feel daunted when it comes to making your Christmas more eco-friendly. But when you’re contemplating the Christmas tree itself, small changes can make a big difference. And if you want to conjure the same, magical festive feel as usual, but in a way that’s friendlier to the planet, there are plenty of options that can make your Christmas as green as it is merry. 

We unpick the great debate over real trees versus artificial trees, as well as the best ways to either buy or rent a real tree. Whatever your attitude to Christmas, this blog explains the different choices out there – and how each of them compares when it comes to sustainable Christmas decorations. (Plus, we pick out a few more creative alternatives that you might not have thought of!)

Top 6 Christmas tree options, from greenest to green-less

1: Rent a real Christmas tree

Renting a real Christmas tree is similar to buying a cut tree, but it doesn’t lead to any waste at the end. And who doesn’t love that idea? You simply hire it from a local supplier, use it for the festive period, and then return the tree in January, so it can be replanted for next year. If this sounds like it’s up your street, you can order from Love A Christmas Tree, or London Christmas Tree Rental.

2: A pot-grown living Christmas tree

If you’re green-fingered as well as eco-conscious, buying a living potted Christmas tree with roots is an excellent option. This means you can plant the tree in a pot, or in the garden, and use it year after year. 

By keeping your tree alive, you'll be playing a role in keeping carbon locked up, in the battle against climate change. Plus there are all kinds of other massive impacts on wildlife, soil quality and even our mental health. Here are some tips from the RHS on looking after your tree, both during Christmas and through the year. 

3: A cut Christmas tree

The most common choice, this means buying a real tree that’s been cut (so it’s got no roots). But of course, trees without roots will die and decompose, releasing the carbon they absorbed while growing back into the atmosphere.

If you go for this option, the important thing to remember is to choose an eco-friendly way of disposing it after the festive period. This means using your local council or municipal tip, where it can be turned into wood chippings or compost. Find details of your local authority here, to see how to get your tree properly recycled.

4: Decorative twigs/branches

Here’s one for the keen foragers amongst you. Rescuing and decorating tree branches you find locally can be a great DIY alternative to a traditional tree. And it also helps to cut down on costs

Or, if you’re feeling slightly less adventurous, you can combine bunches of seasonal flowers with twigs and other foliage – perhaps along with some recyclable, homemade paper-chains!

5: Alternative trees

Another fun alternative is to decorate one of your perennial indoor plants when Christmas comes around. Yuccas or palm trees are ideal for draping with fairy lights, for something with a slightly more tropical vibe. 

As with all these options, bear in mind that your decorations can affect your energy bills – and the planet – too.

6: An artificial tree

Artificial trees are popular because they create zero mess from dropped pine needles – and, of course, they’re also easily stashed in the attic for next year. They are, however, less eco-friendly, being made of non-recyclable plastic.

If you do opt for an artificial tree, try to buy one second-hand if you can – and then use it for a long time. According to The Independent, you should use an artificial tree for at least 10 years, to balance out the environmental impact of how it was made.

eco friendly christmas tree

The great Christmas tree debate: are real or fake trees better for the environment?

It’s easy to get confused when you’re weighing up the pros and cons of a real vs a fake Christmas tree. An artificial tree, which is reusable, can seem like the best way to be more green compared to a real tree. But in fact, real trees are by far the better choice for the environment! This is because of the huge carbon footprint created in the manufacture of artificial trees. 

Opting for a real tree is a great example of how small changes at home can have a big impact. And if you source a UK-grown tree from a local supplier, and make sure you recycle it afterwards, you’ll keep your impact on the environment pretty low. To find out more, check out the advice from our charity partner, the Woodland Trust.

Want to get involved with planting more trees to save the planet? Find out more about our amazing tree-planting partners, the Woodland Trust, and The Conservation Volunteers.

What should you do if you already have a plastic Christmas tree?

If you’ve already got a plastic tree, the best thing to do is use it for as long as possible, rather than throw it away – which will mean even more plastic going into landfill. Instead, embrace your past purchase as your festive centrepiece for many years to come.

How should you go about buying a real Christmas tree?

We think trees are amazing – so we can understand why you’d want to buy one for Christmas. Here are a few important things to remember when you’re buying an eco-friendly Christmas tree: 

  • Choose a local supplier. This means your tree won’t have travelled far to get to you, and it won’t have racked up a big carbon footprint during its transport.
  • Look for trees that are FSC-certified. This means it will have been sustainably grown.
  • Plus, if you want one that’s both organic and pesticide-free, choose one that’s approved by the Soil Association.
  • How you dispose of your tree is just as important as how you buy it. Make sure to use the service offered by your local council or tip to recycle the tree, so it can be turned into wood chips or compost.
  • Or if you want to liven up your garden, chop the tree up yourself and make a habitat pile for wildlife like hedgehogs, amphibians, and invertebrates.

Our top choice for eco-friendly Christmas trees

You might be wondering: so which actually is the most eco-friendly Christmas tree? Here at OVO, we recommend renting a locally-grown tree above all else.

With a rented Christmas tree, it’s possible to have your (Christmas) cake and eat it too! You can enjoy the classic tradition of setting up and decorating a tree like you’ve always done. But, this time, there’s a more sustainable twist: 

  • After the festivities are over, it’s picked up to be replanted, where it will continue absorbing carbon, before going to someone else to enjoy for next year
  • The carbon stored in the tree will stay there, rather than being released into the atmosphere
  • Renting it from a garden centre or tree nursery means you'll be handing it back to the experts when Christmas is over – giving it the best possible chance of survival when it’s replanted
  • This means it can continue to remove more and more carbon from the air as it keeps growing
  • And finally, if a rental isn’t feasible, a real tree is generally a far better choice for your carbon footprint than an artificial one!

For more tips on how to have an eco-friendly Christmas, check out our festive blog. 

Want an energy tariff that’s 100% carbon-neutral, with 5 new trees planted for you every year? Find out more about OVO Beyond

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